Lakhta Center is a multifunctional complex in St. Petersburg with the Gazprom headquarter and public spaces occupying a third of the area. Construction was completed in October 2018, now start work on the arrangement of business and public areas. The opening date of the complex will be announced after the completion of all the finishing and landscaping work.
Lakhta Center is a skyscraper which is accessible and convenient for all population groups, for children and adults, men and women, employees and visitors, mothers with prams and grandmothers with grandchildren, healthy people and the disabled.
The tower will be adjusted for comfortable travelling and work of everybody without any exceptions. All details are sorted out as early as at the design stage.
Access to the building is without any barrier, the entrance is unimpeded. The access to conference halls, restaurants and cafes, offices, bathrooms, retail, sports and observation decks, cinema centers and health centers is free.
For those with poor sight or ear additional information means are provided for in the building, visual, tactile and sound, specialized finish of rooms, handrails, door handles.
Everything is thought out starting from the access toads to the business complex. The objective is to achieve a fully-fledged standard of living of the disabled. Freedom and safety are the most important things for them: ramps and handrails, a minimum gradient, closer and accessible car park slots in the car park. According to the design it is 10% of the car park slots of the total number of car park slots at a distance less than 50m of the entrance area.
There are no lobbies, rotating or double-acting doors at the entrance. The width of passageways is not less than 1,2m. The height of steps does not exceed 1,5 cm. Lifts are wide. The shape of door handles and devices for opening and closing of doors, levers, buttons and other devices makes it possible to manage them with one hand and does not require considerable efforts.
Workplaces for the disabled will be safe for their health and arranged rationally. The tip is that a workplace for each disabled employee is thought out and tailor made subject to the type of illness, specialized devices compensating anatomic and physiologic restrictions, a comfortable desk, a chair, process equipment and stands for tools and finished products.
Having lunch will be also in comfort. In dining halls of catering facilities at least 5% of special seats for the disabled is provided for. Waiting lounges are provided on the way of the disabled.
At each floor of the complex except for plant floors universal bathrooms will be located accessible for all categories of the disabled.
The width, depth of a cabin, the height of wash basins and toilet bowls, bearing and fold down handrails, hooks for crutches, everything is worked out. Including an alarm button.
It should be noted that bathrooms, lifts where the disabled can face a problem as well as lift halls and security areas are equipped with a two-way communication with an operator. The communication can be sound or visual.
The architecture and design of the skyscraper cannot be just beautiful. They must be comfortable for people, safe and elaborated from a user’s perspective. Lakhta Center is a guarantee of comfortable being of all people without any limitations.
(the video shows how modern architects treat these issues)
Note on the Disabled in the Russian Federation
At present about 13 mln of the disabled in the Russian Federation, which is about 8,8% of the population of the country.
In 2008 the Russian Federation signed a Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities dated December 13, 2006 by confirming that the country is willing to build up conditions aimed at complying with international standards of economic, social, legal and other rights of the disabled.
According to the Convention the parties shall take appropriate measures to provide the disabled access to physical environment equal to other citizens (buildings and facilities surrounding a person in everyday life), transport, information and communication as well as other facilities and services rendered for population.
In the Russian Federation in order to create an accessible environment for the disabled a federal target program “Accessible Environment” has been launched for 2011-2015.