Lakhta Center – a large scale project of the construction of a modern business area in the north-west of Saint Petersburg. Opening in 2018.
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The installation of the spire of the Lakhta Center
The installation of the spire of the Lakhta Center Multifunctional Complex under construction in Saint Petersburg, which will house the headquarters of Gazprom Group, has been completed. Air lights were lighted up at the top of the skyscraper. Thus, the main building of the Complex reached its final height of 462 metres. The construction of the above-ground part of the skyscraper took two and a half years.
“The high-rise architecture of the complex fully corresponds to the innovative spirit of St. Petersburg. The skyscraper of the Lakhta Center has not only acquired a complete architectural form, but has become a full-fledged part of the marine facade of the northern capital and a new symbol of the city looking to the future. The Lakhta Center is being implemented as a global urban development project, which is unprecedented from the point of view of the share of public spaces that combine educational and cultural functions. It became possible to implement such an ambitious project only through the professionalism of the international team managed by the Russian project team. The high-rise building of the Lakhta Center has reached its design height, and we expect that the entire Complex construction will be completed on schedule, namely by the end of 2018," Elena Ilyukhina, Lakhta Center Director General, member of the board of Gazprom Neft PJSC told.
Lakhta Center is a high-tech skyscraper, unique design and technical solutions are applied for the construction of it. The building weighing more than 670 thousand tonnes is built on the complex soils. Piles with a diameter of 2 meters are the widest in the world and are installed to a depth of 82 meters. In addition to the skyscraper, three more facilities of the Complex are at the final stage of construction: Multifunctional Building with Atrium, Stylobate and Main Entrance Arch. The total area of the facilities is 400,000sq.m.
The Lakhta Center is an innovative multifunctional complex with the headquarters of Gazprom Group and public spaces in St. Petersburg. The construction of the complex, which began in October 2012, is planned to be completed by the end of 2018. The dominating architectural element of the Lakhta Center is a 462-meter skyscraper that became the tallest building in Europe. About 600 Russian and foreign companies and over 20,000 people from 18 countries participate in the project implementation.
The Lakhta Center consists of four facilities, the total area of which is more than 400,000sq.m:
- 87-story skyscraper, which twists 90 degrees from its foundation to the top.
- Multifunctional Building.
- Arch – a separate building-entrance to the Complex.
- Stylobate that hides a car park, warehouses and a logistics driveway.
Structural columns of the skyscraper have an inclination of 2.89° to achieve a spiral-shaped tower and are made of composite materials. This solution, first employed in the domestic high-rise.
construction, allowed reducing the duration of column erection by 40% and halving the costs. The lower foundation slab, 3,600 mm thick, was poured in without interruption for 49 hours; the operation appears on The Guinness Book of Records. The facades are made of the cold-formed glass, their area is 130,000sq.m. A “smart façade” and a unique system of its maintenance were developed specially for the Lakhta Center.
The spire is the final structural part of the Lakhta Center skyscraper. It is installed without involving helicopters, with the use of the highest crane in Europe. Up to the elevation of Level 87 (368.8 m), the spire has an exploited space with an observation deck. Its height allows seeing the views that could be previously seen only from aircrafts. From Level 88 (377.35 m), it accommodates a technical area for the installation of equipment of the building maintenance, communication and navigation systems. The Lakhta Center project is pre-certified by the LEED international ecological system.
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